SOP Transactions on Applied Physics

Publications Ethics Statement

1. Introduction
Researchers should conduct their research from the process of submission to that of publication according to the conduct codes of relevant professional bodies and national or international regulatory bodies. In rare cases, it is possible that ethical issues or misconduct could occur in SOP’s journals in submission.
This guidance gives a clear introduction of publishing ethics practiced by SOP to writers and readers.

2. Ethical issues for author
Four fundamental ethical issues have been defined and procedures for responding to misconduct have been outlined below. Please note that these guidelines are not intended to provide or substitute legal advice.

2.1 Data fabrication and Data falsification
  • Data fabrication:
    This concerns the making up of research findings.
  • Data falsification:
    Manipulating research data with intention of giving a false impression. This includes manipulating images, removing outliers or ‘inconvenient’ results, changing, adding or omitting data points, etc.
    With regard to image manipulation it is allowed to technically improve images for readability. Proper technical manipulation refers to adjusting the contrast and/or brightness or color balance if it is applied to the complete digital image (and not parts of the image). Any technical manipulation by the author should be notified in the cover letter to the Journal Editor upon submission. Improper technical manipulation refers to obscuring, enhancing, deleting and/or introducing new elements into an image.

2.2 Duplicate submission, redundant publication and over publication
  • Duplicate submission:
    This refers to the practice of submitting the same study to two journals in two journals. These submissions can be nearly simultaneous or years later.
  • Redundant publication:
    This refers to the situation that one study is split into several parts and submitted to two or more journals.
  • Over publication:
    This refers to republish the same research outcome on another journal.

2.3 Plagiarism
Plagiarism occurs when someone presents the work of others as if it were his/her own without proper acknowledgment.
There are different degrees of plagiarism. The severity is dependent on various factors: extent of copied material, originality of copied material, position/context/type of material and referencing/attribution of the material used.

3. What to do with issued articles?
SOP highly values honesty and originality and therefore spares no academic misconduct. Any submission with ethic issues can never be published. For any published articles which are proved ethic issues later would be retracted immediately. In either case, SOP notifies our committee objectively.

4. Should the writer be banned and when?
Banning is not a policy endorsed by SOP. SOP informs the author’s institution and other online publishers. The punishment should be from the author’s institution.

5. Statement of SOP
SOP helps to propagate the scientific results and maintains peer-review strictly along with ethical standard. Peer review plays an important role in ensuring the integrity of the scholarly submission. The process depends on trust, and requires that everyone involved behave responsibly and ethically. Peer reviewers play a central and critical part in the peer-review process. SOP has a group of senior experts as reviewers all round the world.
As an Open Access publisher, SOP also keeps the principle of Creative Commons. All the academic submissions on SOP are free to all. People can read, copy, distribute and even download the latest research outcome on various devices, including smart phones, notebooks, pads, Kindles, desktop PC, etc. SOP welcomes every individual researcher and institution to submit or read the first-hand scientific information.
SOP follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) to keep peer review. What is more, SOP also respects the COPE’s definition and guideline of academic misconduct, and makes decision of punishment accordingly.